اثر زمان و محلولپاشی چند تنظیمکننده‌ رشد گیاهی بر خصوصیات فیزیکوشیمیایی و عملکرد عناب (Ziziphus jujube)

نوع مقاله: علمی - پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه باغبانی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بیرجند، بیرجند، ایران

چکیده

عناب (Ziziphus jujube) به­طور وسیعی در خراسان جنوبی پرورش می­یابد. درختی سازگار به مناطق خشک و گرم می­باشد. این آزمایش به­صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار انجام شد. در این تحقیق جیبرلیک اسید (GA3)، نفتالین استیک اسید (NAA) و 6-بنزیل آدنین (BA) هر کدام در پنج غلظت (صفر، 20، 40، 60 و80 پی­پی­ام) به تنهایی و هر سه تنظیم­کننده رشد توأم با یکدیگر در سه زمان مختلف تمام گل، تمام گل + 50 روز پس از تمام گل و 50 روز پس از تمام گل بر روی عناب محلول­پاشی گردیدند. نتایج نشان داد محلول­پاشی در زمان­های تمام گل و تمام گل + 50 روز پس از تمام گل سبب افزایش معنی­دار اندازه میوه (طول و قطر)، وزن میوه، عملکرد و مجموع مواد جامد قابل حل (TSS) نسبت به زمان 50 روز پس از تمام گل گردیدند. غلظت­های بالاتر از40 پی­پی­ام GA3، NAA و BA+NAA  +GA3  سبب افزایش معنی­دار اندازه میوه (طول و قطر)، وزن میوه، عملکرد و TSSنسبت به شاهد (صفر پی­پی­ام) و همه غلظت­های BA گردیدند. محلول­پاشی تنظیم­کننده­های رشد گیاهی تأثیر معنی­داری بر دیگر خصوصیات شیمیایی میوه (ویتامینث، pH، اسیدیته و مقدار کاروتنوئید) نداشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Time and the Foliar Spray of Plant Growth Regulators on Physiochemical Characteristics and Yield of Jujube (Ziziphus jujube)

نویسنده [English]

  • Fatemeh Nakhaei
Assistant Professor, Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Birjand, Iran
چکیده [English]

Jujube (Ziziphus jujube) is widely cultivated in Southern Khorasan province. The tree is adapted to arid and warm regions. This study was conducted as factorial experiment based on a randomized complete blocks design with three replications. In this study, gibberellic acid (GA3), naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and 6 - benzyladenine (BA) each with five concentrations (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 ppm) alone and in combination with each other were sprayed at three different times full bloom, full bloom + 50 days after full bloom  and 50 days after full bloom on jujube. The results showed that the spray at full bloom and full bloom + 50days after full bloom caused significant increase in fruit size (length and diameter), fruit weight, yield and total soluble solids compared to spraying in 50days after full bloom. Applying concentrations above 40 ppm with GA3, NAA and BA + NAA + GA3 caused significant increase in fruit size (length and diameter), fruit weight, yield and TSS compared to the control (0 ppm) and all BA concentrations. Foliar spraying plant growth regulators had not significant effect on the other chemical properties of fruit (vitamin C, pH, acidity and the amount of carotenoids).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Gibberellic acid
  • Fruit weight
  • Full bloom
  • Naphthalene acetic acid
  • Qualitative characteristics

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